Post-Labor Day, we took a look at the current state of the minimum wage in the United States. While the Federal minimum wage remains unchanged, many states across the U.S. have enacted their own minimum wage increases. Following is a summary of minimum wage laws across the U.S.
- According to the National Conference of State Legislatures: 38 states introduced minimum wage bills during the 2014 session; 34 states considered increases to the state minimum wage; and Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia and D.C. enacted increases during the 2014 session.
- 23 states and D.C. have minimum wages above the federal minimum wage: Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Virgina, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.
- 18 states have minimum wages the same as the federal minimum wage of $7.25: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, DC, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington state.
- Arkansas, Georgia and Wyoming have minimum wages below the federal minimum wage. BUT… Federal minimum wage law supersedes state minimum wage laws where the federal minimum wage is greater than the state minimum wage, so in these states the federal minimum wage would apply.
- 5 states have not established a state minimum wage: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Tennessee.
- There are 10 states (AZ, CO, FL, MO, MT, NV, OH, OR, VT, and WA) that have minimum wages that are linked to a consumer price index. As a result of this linkage, the minimum wages in these states are normally increased each year, generally around January 1st. The exception is Nevada which adjusts in the month of July each year.